26 March 2012

The Rational Unified Process Model

Rational Unified Process:
The Rational Unified Process (RUP) is an iterative software development process framework created by the Rational Software Corporation, a division of IBM since 2003. RUP is not a single concrete prescriptive process, but rather an adaptable process framework, intended to be tailored by the development organizations and software project teams that will select the elements of the process that are appropriate for their needs. RUP is a specific implementation of the Unified Process.

•Inception
The primary objective is to scope the system adequately as a basis for validating initial costing and budgets. In this phase the business case which includes business context, success factors (expected revenue, market recognition, etc.), and financial forecast is established. To complement the business case, a basic use case model, project plan, initial risk assessment and project description (the core project requirements, constraints and key features) are generated. After these are completed, the project is checked against the following criteria:
  • Stakeholder concurrence on scope definition and cost/schedule estimates.
  • Requirements understanding as evidenced by the fidelity of the primary use cases.
  • Credibility of the cost/schedule estimates, priorities, risks, and development process.
  • Depth and breadth of any architectural prototype that was developed.
  • Establishing a baseline by which to compare actual expenditures versus planned expenditures.
If the project does not pass this milestone, called the Lifecycle Objective Milestone, it either can be cancelled or repeated after being redesigned to better meet the criteria.

Elaboration The primary objective is to mitigate the key risk items identified by analysis up to the end of this phase. The elaboration phase is where the project starts to take shape. In this phase the problem domain analysis is made and the architecture of the project gets its basic form.

The outcome of the elaboration phase is:

  • A use-case model in which the use-cases and the actors have been identified and most of the use-case descriptions are developed.
  • The use-case model should be 80% complete.
  • A description of the software architecture in a software system development process.
  • An executable architecture that realizes architecturally significant use cases.
  • Business case and risk list which are revised.
  • A development plan for the overall project. Prototypes that demonstrably mitigate each identified technical risk.
  • A preliminary user manual (optional)
This phase must pass the Lifecycle Architecture Milestone criteria answering the following questions:
  • Is the vision of the product stable?
  • Is the architecture stable?
  • Does the executable demonstration indicate that major risk elements are addressed and resolved?
  • Is the construction phase plan sufficiently detailed and accurate?
  • Do all stakeholders agree that the current vision can be achieved using current plan in the context of the current architecture?
  • Is the actual vs. planned resource expenditure acceptable?
If the project cannot pass this milestone, there is still time for it to be cancelled or redesigned. However, after leaving this phase, the project transitions into a high-risk operation where changes are much more difficult and detrimental when made.
The key domain analysis for the elaboration is the system architecture.

•Construction
The primary objective is to build the software system. In this phase, the main focus is on the development of components and other features of the system. This is the phase when the bulk of the coding takes place. In larger projects, several construction iterations may be developed in an effort to divide the use cases into manageable segments that produce demonstrable prototypes.
This phase produces the first external release of the software. Its conclusion is marked by the Initial Operational Capability Milestone.

•Transition
The primary objective is to 'transit' the system from development into production, making it available to and understood by the end user. The activities of this phase include training the end users and maintainers and beta testing the system to validate it against the end users' expectations. The product is also checked against the quality level set in the Inception phase.
If all objectives are met, the Product Release Milestone is reached and the development cycle is finished.

•Develop software iteratively
–Plan increments based on customer priorities and deliver highest priority increments first.

•Manage requirements
–Explicitly document customer requirements and keep track of changes to these requirements.

•Use component-based architectures
–Organize the system architecture as a set of reusable components.

•Visually model software
–Use graphical UML models to present static and dynamic views of the software. 

•Verify software quality
–Ensure that the software meet’s organizational quality standards.

•Control changes to software
–Manage software changes using a change management system and configuration management tools.

You can also view:
1. Boehms Spiral Process Model
2. Rapid Application Development-RAD
3. Prototyping Process Model
4. Incremental Process Model
5. Component Based Software Engineering
6. Evolutionary Process Development Model
7. Waterfall Process Model
8. Software Process Framework Activity

2 comments:

  1. How do you create the workflow sheet?

    ReplyDelete
    Replies
    1. I will discuses all things one by one. you may able to follow by e-mail or you may join this site...thanks

      Delete

Content are helpful for you?

Follow by Email